A child's head is typically the heaviest part of his body, and he can easily tip over and have difficulty standing up. This is just one reason why infants and toddlers are prone to drowning in shallow water. The seconds and minutes following the moment a child is found unconscious are crucial in saving his life. CPR, Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, is a useful skill in this situation; however, it is recommended that you learn CPR and gain certification from professional.
Single Person CPR
Instruct someone to call 911 ONLY if others are around. Do NOT leave the child or infant alone to call 911 yourself. If you are alone, begin CPR.
Remove the child from the water and place him on flat on the ground in a supine position, i.e. face-up.
Check the child/infant's level of consciousness. Touch the bottom of his feet, tap the child/infant's shoulder, call out his name. Check for a response---a sound, moan, flinch when you touch him. Do not shake the child.
Tilt the child's head back slightly to open the airway. Place your ear and cheek over the child's face to check for breathing. Note if you feel the child/infant's breath on your cheek. Watch to see if his chest is rising and falling. Do not check for longer than 10 seconds.
Deliver two rescue breaths by placing your mouth over the child's mouth and squeezing the nose shut. On an infant, perform two rescue breaths by placing your mouth over the mouth and nose. Watch to make sure his chest rises with each breath you blow in, indicating the breaths have entered the lungs.
Check for a pulse rate for 5 to 10 at the carotid artery in the neck. In an infant, check the brachial artery, found on the inside of the upper arm. If there is a pulse, resume rescue breathing. If there is no pulse or if the pulse is weak, begin chest compressions.
Perform two-hand chest compressions on children age 1 to puberty. You may perform one-hand compressions on smaller children. On infants, use two fingers between the nipples. Perform 30 chest compressions.
Repeat the cycle of two rescue breaths to 30 compressions five times. Once you have completed that cycle, contact 911.